FACTS ABOUT PAKISTAN
|Official Name||Islamic Republic of Pakistan|
|Father of the Nation||Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (25-12-1876 to 11-09-1948)|
|National Poet||Allama Muhammad Iqbal (09-11-1877 to 21-04-1938)|
|Area||Total: 796,096 Sq. km.|
Punjab: 205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh: 140,914 Sq. km.
Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: 74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan: 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas: 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital): 906 Sq. km.
|Population||180 million (estimated)-132 million (1998 census)|
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Districts.
|Religion||95% Muslims, 5% others.|
|Annual per capita income||US $1207|
|Imports||Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.|
|Exports||Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit|
|Languages||Urdu (National) and English (Official)|
|Government||Parliamentary form of Government|
|Pakistan National Flag||Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.|
|National Anthem||Approved in August, 1954|
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds
|State Emblem||The State Emblem consists of:|
The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
The shield in the centre shows four major crops
Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline
|Pakistan’s Official Map||Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)|
|National Tree||Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).|
|National Bird||Chakor (Red-legged partridge)|
|Flora||Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry|
|Fauna||The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls|
|Popular games||Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.|
|Archaeological sites||Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.|
|Major Crops||Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane|