String in Java

What is String in Java

In Java, a String is a class that represents a sequence of characters. It is one of the most commonly used classes in Java and is part of the java.lang package, which means it is automatically imported into every Java program. Strings in Java are immutable, meaning once a String object is created, it cannot be changed. If you want to modify a string, you create a new string object.

Creating Strings in Java:
1. Using String Literal:

You can create a string using double quotes. Java automatically converts string literals to String objects.

String greeting = "Hello, World!";

2. Using the new Keyword:

You can create a string object using the new keyword, which explicitly creates a new instance of the String class.

String greeting = new String("Hello, World!");

String Methods and Operations:

Strings in Java come with a variety of built-in methods for manipulating and analyzing the content. Here are some common operations and methods related to strings:

1. Concatenation:

Strings can be concatenated using the + operator.

String firstName = "John";
String lastName = "Doe";
String fullName = firstName + " " + lastName; // Results in "John Doe"
2. Length:

You can find the length of a string using the length() method.

String text = "Java Programming";
int length = text.length(); // length is 17
3. Substring:

You can extract a substring from a string using the substring() method.

String text = "Hello, World!";
String substring = text.substring(7); // Results in "World!"
4. Equality:

Strings should be compared using the equals() method, not ==.

String str1 = "hello";
String str2 = "hello";
boolean isEqual = str1.equals(str2); // true
5. Immutable Nature:

Strings are immutable; their values cannot be changed after creation. When you modify a string, a new object is created.

String original = "Hello";
String modified = original.concat(", World!"); // Creates a new string object

In summary, a String in Java is a sequence of characters, and it is an important and versatile data type that finds widespread use in Java applications, from simple text manipulation to complex operations involving regular expressions and internationalization.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *