What are identifiers in java explain with examples
Identifiers in Java are names given to classes, methods, variables, and other program components. They are used to identify and refer to these program elements. Identifiers in Java must follow certain rules and conventions:
Rules for Identifiers in Java:
1. Must Begin with a Letter, Underscore (_), or Dollar Sign ($): Identifiers must start with a letter, an underscore (_), or a dollar sign ($). They cannot start with a number.
2. Can Contain Letters, Digits, Underscores, and Dollar Signs: After the initial character, an identifier can contain letters (uppercase and lowercase), digits, underscores, and dollar signs.
3. Cannot Be a Reserved Word: Identifiers cannot be a reserved word in Java. Reserved words are words that have a predefined meaning in the language (e.g.,
4. Cannot Contain Spaces: Identifiers cannot contain spaces.
Java Naming Conventions for Identifiers:
1. Class Names: Class names should begin with an uppercase letter and follow CamelCase convention (i.e., capitalize the first letter of each word in the name).
2. Method and Variable Names: Method and variable names should begin with a lowercase letter and follow CamelCase convention.
3. Constants: Constants should be in all uppercase letters with words separated by underscores.
4. Packages: Package names should be in all lowercase letters.
By following these rules and conventions, you can create meaningful, readable, and maintainable Java code. Identifiers play a crucial role in Java programming as they allow developers to name and reference different elements in the program.