what is object in java

what is object and different ways to create object in java with example

In Java, an object is an instance of a class. A class serves as a blueprint or template, defining the structure and behavior of objects. When you create an object, you are creating a concrete instance of that class, with its own unique set of data (attributes) and behavior (methods).

Let’s extend the previous example with the Car class and demonstrate how to create objects:

// Car class (as defined in the previous example)
public class Car {
    // Fields (attributes)
    String brand;
    String model;
    int year;
    double price;

    // Constructor
    public Car(String brand, String model, int year, double price) {
        this.brand = brand;
        this.model = model;
        this.year = year;
        this.price = price;

    // Methods (as defined in the previous example)
    public void displayInfo() {
        System.out.println("Brand: " + brand);
        System.out.println("Model: " + model);
        System.out.println("Year: " + year);
        System.out.println("Price: $" + price);

    public void start() {
        System.out.println("The " + brand + " " + model + " is starting.");

    public void accelerate() {
        System.out.println("The " + brand + " " + model + " is accelerating.");

    public void stop() {
        System.out.println("The " + brand + " " + model + " has stopped.");

Now, let’s create objects (instances) of the Car class in a Main class:

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Creating instances (objects) of the Car class
        Car car1 = new Car("Toyota", "Camry", 2022, 25000.50);
        Car car2 = new Car("Honda", "Civic", 2021, 22000.75);

        // Using methods to interact with the objects

        System.out.println(); // Separating output for clarity


In this example, car1 and car2 are objects of the Car class. They are created using the new keyword followed by the constructor of the class (new Car(...)). Each object has its own set of attributes (brand, model, year, price) and can perform actions using the methods defined in the class.

Creating and using objects is fundamental to object-oriented programming, as it allows you to model and interact with real-world entities in your code.

what are the different ways to create object in java

In Java, there are several ways to create objects, and the choice of method depends on the specific requirements of your program. Here are the main ways to create objects in Java:

1. Using the new Keyword: The most common way to create an object is by using the new keyword followed by the class constructor.

ClassName objectName = new ClassName();
// Example
Car car = new Car("Toyota", "Camry", 2022, 25000.50);

2. Using a Static Factory Method: Some classes provide static factory methods that create and return instances of the class. These methods are named and may include specific logic for object creation.

ClassName objectName = ClassName.createInstance(); // Example method name: createInstance()
// Example
// Assuming a static factory method in Car class
Car car = Car.createCar("Toyota", "Camry", 2022, 25000.50);

3. Using Object Cloning: The clone() method is used to create a copy of an existing object. The class of the object being cloned must implement the Cloneable interface.

Note: Object cloning is considered somewhat complex and is not commonly used.

ClassName clonedObject = (ClassName) existingObject.clone();
// Example
// Assuming the Car class implements Cloneable
Car clonedCar = (Car) car.clone();

4. Using Deserialization: Objects can be created by deserializing them from a stream. This involves converting an object from its byte-stream representation back into an object.

ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("file.ser"));
ClassName objectName = (ClassName) ois.readObject();
// Example
// Assuming Car class is Serializable
ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("car.ser"));
Car car = (Car) ois.readObject();

Note: Deserialization involves reading objects from a file or network, and it requires the class to implement the Serializable interface.

These are the common ways to create objects in Java. The most frequently used method is using the new keyword and the class constructor. The other methods are used in specific scenarios or for specific design patterns.

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